A8 Design Center: What is the ideal design library? Can you recommend your ideal library to A8 Design Center? Where did this library impress you?
In my opinion, an ideal design library is indistinguishable from an ideal library except that design books will dominate. Therefore, an ideal library can of course also be called an ideal design library.
For an ideal library, it first needs to be located in a quiet place suitable for reading. The surrounding environment can be very ordinary and daily. It does not require a special attention-grabbing external landscape, but it must be able to allow one can enter a state of contemplation by focusing on books and self.
The library space can comfort people's body and mind, with mild colors and pleasant scales; the bookshelves need to allow readers to easily find the books they want to read, and the light in the reading space should be soft and moderate. The natural light entering by diffuse reflection combined with local artificial lighting makes people can be aware of the passage of time. Reading tables and chairs allow readers to relax while reading, but not loose. The touch of the furniture makes people feel lukewarm. There is a place for notes and stationery beside the desk to facilitate readers. There is also a place where the water cup can be safely placed. Door handles and staircase handrails need to be friendly, elegant and easy to grasp, etc. These points are what an ideal library should do.
推荐图书馆：天使山修道院图书馆（Mount Angel Abbey Library）
Recommended library: Mount Angel Abbey Library
The library I recommend is the Mount Angel Abbey Library designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in the 1960s. It is a secluded church library. Like his designer, the library is full of humanistic care. The design of the library does not highlight the power of form, but is quietly hidden in people's use of space, taking care and delighting users from the aspects of geometry, scale, material, light, color, touch, temperature and even sound.
It does not have large bookshelves that are too high to reach, nor does it have a large view frame facing the woods outside. It respects personal introspection and inspires human behavior. It has wood-colored and white walls. The surfaces and interiors give people a warm and calm feeling; with the high side windows with carefully adjusted angles and positions. The reading space and the bookshelf area have their own suitable natural lighting.
In conclusion, Aalto used his humanistic design to create an architectural space where people can be stable, can communicate with books sincerely, and can introspect and contemplate. A kind of intellectual and poetic artistic beauty is presented here.
A8 Design Center: Where is the competitiveness or core value of offline libraries in the Internet age?
Fan Jiujiang：In the Internet decade, online reading becomes more and more convenient. What kind of books we want to read? In what direction of the knowledge we want to learn? All these questions can be easily obtained by just searching online. But I think for most of the time when we go to the library, we do not have a clear purpose for certain knowledge and information, but expect a real time and space experience, and unexpected encounters with a book or even a person. This kind of contingency and sense of expectation, in the external real world that can be fully perceived. The experience and memory left behind are fascinating. Only at these times, we can escape the state of life recognized by virtual reality, big data, cloud computing and intelligent search, and a state of freedom of body and mind may be stimulated.
Therefore, I believe that in the Internet decade, the core value of offline library competitiveness is a sense of reality that can truly open up human senses. But this is not to stimulate the human senses, but to subtly reopen people's active perception ability through the deep care of human perception like Aalto's architecture. And this step is precisely the scarcest ability for people who live in the online digital world today.
关于 Mount Angel Abbey Library
About Mount Angel Abbey Library
Architect: Alvar Aalto
Angel Mountain Monastery Library, a world-renowned building designed by the famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, is one of the main Christian services of the monastery. The patrons of the monastery library include: the students, faculty and staff of Mount Angel Monastery, the monks of Mount Angel Monastery, scholars of many denominations and professional religious persons, as well as users who are interested in requesting and those with borrower privileges. The Angel Mountain Monastery Library reflects and expresses the spirit and philosophy of the client: to build a library that links the pleasure of reading with the efficiency of learning. The library provides access to a large collection of books and other materials. The library is open to guests, visiting scholars and the public, and is one of the most important theological libraries in the Pacific Northwest.
Structural system of the space
Aalto adopted modernist architecture and international style technology, but throughout the process, the building has a very organic and individual style. The library building is located on the north side of the hill where the monastery is located. From the front entrance, the building appears small and unassuming, as if it disappeared in the surrounding buildings. There are transplanted trees around the outside of the library. Although the library is located on a tree-covered hillside, the unique location does not make the designer worry about the problem of vision: the designer has very cleverly designed the reading room in a favorable position, so Readers will not be disturbed.
Inside, a large number of bookshelves combine the structure and content of the library. The building expands horizontally and vertically in a dramatic way: the building is scattered and in an asymmetrical fan shape, radiating from the lobby to the back wall of the library, and extending down to the fourth floor with a flat surface down to the mountain. There is a large floor-to-ceiling window at the rear of the fan shape, and a central space above the height, surrounded by skylights. These designs allow soft and pleasant light to penetrate into the library. Throughout the building, you will find openings on the outer walls, and beyond these openings, you can also see a framed view of the surrounding valleys and mountains.
The internal and external differentiation is well reflected through the use of different building materials: the library’s external walls are made of red bricks, and the internal walls are made of wood and plastic, reflecting the environment of the Pacific Northwest.
Collection and utilization of natural light
There are three reading rooms with plenty of natural light in the library. In the design, the designer cleverly arranged the reading area on the side of the window and the side of the skylight, and the library was arranged in the middle of the space. The white inclined surface near the skylight is conducive to the diffuse reflection of natural light, thus creating a good natural light atmosphere. This design allows readers to maintain a healthy physiology and psychology while reading, while at the same time using natural light fully and reasonably, saving energy and protecting the environment.
In the creation of modern architectural art, natural lighting has become one of the important creative methods of architectural art. In actual situations, the natural lighting design of a building can affect the quality of a space to a great extent. To grasp the quality of lighting design in a space, it is not only necessary to study the lighting design of artificial light sources, but also to consider the natural lighting of the building itself. Good control of the natural lighting of the building can not only meet the needs of the building's own lighting functionality, but also meet another high-level requirement of lighting-decorative lighting. Therefore, the natural lighting of buildings is a very important and indispensable part of lighting design.
要辨识 Alvar Aalto 的家具作品，“木材”与“曲木”绝对是两个很重要的设计特征。图书馆中的多数家具都使用了Alvar Aalto研发的 L-leg（利用蒸气将桦木片压制弯曲成多层次的完美弧面，并做为增强座椅的支撑结构）的设计，同时Alvar Aalto也为其研发的 L-leg 申请专利。再加上后来20年间陆续发表的新型式 Y-leg、X-leg，这些都成为Artek品牌（Alvar Aalto创立的北欧家具设计品牌）沿用自今不辍的系统设计标准，80 年来已创造无数经典。
The Mount Angel Abbey Library is one of North America's largest collections of Alvar Aalto furniture. Most of the chairs, desks, tables, cabinets, shelves and lamps in the library were designed by Aalto.
To identify Alvar Aalto's furniture works, "wood" and "curved wood" are definitely two very important design features. Most of the furniture in the library uses the design of L-leg (using steam to press and bend the birch wood into a multi-level perfect arc, and use it as a support structure for the reinforced seat) developed by Alvar Aalto. Alvar Aalto also The L-leg developed by it applied for a patent. Coupled with the new styles of Y-leg and X-leg that were successively released in the next 20 years, these have become the Artek brand (the Nordic furniture design brand founded by Alvar Aalto), which has continued to use the system design standards since then, and has created countless classics in the past 80 years.
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