“Nelken”一词来源于德语的康乃馨， Pina Bausch的这部作品“Nelken”于1982年首次演出，是她20世纪舞台上最重要的作品之一，同时也是Tanztheater Wuppertal剧院的传说。
The word "Nelken" comes from the German carnation. This work "Nelken" by Pina Bausch is one of the most important works on the stage of the 20th century, and it is also the legend of the Tanztheater Wuppertal Theater.
In this whole play, Pina uses her keen eyes and super-observation of life to lead the audience to experience the essence of life shown in the dance: people wandering in intimacy and alienation, between pain and despair. Struggle, the transition between violence and tenderness. In addition, the use of 8,000 carnations brought an unprecedented visual shock to the whole story. This was a creation in the 1980s, and it also had a profound impact on the stage creation and drama development of later generations.
03-1 导演和编舞: 皮娜·鲍什
Direction and Choreography: Pina Bausch
皮娜·鲍什（Pina Bausch），1940年出生于Solingen，2009年在Wuppertal去世。她在Essen的Folkwang学校接受了Kurt Jooss的舞蹈训练，在这段时间中她习得了卓越的舞技。在Wuppertal剧院的导演阿诺·伍斯坦霍弗(Arno Wustenhofer)聘请她担任舞蹈指导后不久，她从1973年秋季开始将剧团更名为伍珀塔尔坦茨剧院(Tanztheater Wuppertal)。剧院的更名虽然一开始就引起争议，但逐渐获得了国际认可。它的诗性元素与日常元素的结合，对舞蹈的国际发展产生了决定性的影响。Pina Bausch被授予一些全球性最伟大的奖项和荣誉，是当今最重要的编舞家之一。
Pina Bausch was born 1940 in Solingen and died 2009 in Wuppertal. She received her dance training at the Folkwang School in Essen under Kurt Jooss, where she achieved technical excellence. Soon after the director of Wuppertal's theatres, Arno Wüstenhöfer, engaged her as choreographer, from autumn 1973, she renamed the ensemble the Tanztheater Wuppertal. Under this name, although controversial at the beginning, the company gradually achieved international recognition. Its combination of poetic and everyday elements influenced the international development of dance decisively. Awarded some of the greatest prizes and honours world-wide, Pina Bausch is one of the most significant choreographers of our time.
In ancient Greek mythology, Arcadia is a mysterious fairyland with unbeaten flowers and fragrance of birds and flowers. At the same time, it is also the hometown of God Pan. It is also a utopian ideal country in the hearts of many medieval poets and philosophers. It is known as Greece in the West The Xanadu. Pina Bausch was officially inspired by this story and created "Nelken".
A man in a suit stood facing the audience, performing a sign language performance of "The Man I Love" accompanied by wonderful music. A woman only wears white underwear and black high heels, walking carefully on the stage with carnations. The plot in the play is like life, closely linked to our lives, adding richness and realism to the work. Twenty-three dancers and four male actors shuttled among the flowers, sometimes innocent and sometimes depressed. From a romantic and gentle episode to a morbid and dark transition, the disintegration of a utopia is humorously and slightly sadly presented to people. Until the end, Huahai was trampled in embarrassment, which seemed to imply the theme of the work---"Love is the eternal battlefield"
There are nearly a thousand knee-length artificial carnations on the stage. Those audiences who have witnessed the scene with their own eyes were all shocked by this magnificent landscape. The 8,000 carnations on site, whose petals and stems are made of plastic, are neatly arranged in a row on the irregular wilderness. In this fake flower field, the carnations are made to a uniform height without any color deviation, and they are displayed in front of the audience one by one, which can be called a new form of stage design. The flower language of pink carnations is: "Always young and beautiful, and never forget you". Choosing it as the main stage prop can be regarded as an artistic expression of Pina's "love".
NELKEN's scene layout is made by pasting and bonding three layers of materials. The first layer is a bouquet of 8,000 carnations, which was handcrafted by a Thai factory in 20 days. They travelled far and wide to come to Germany just to show the most shocking drama scene. The second layer is a wooden board with holes, its main function is to fix the position and limit the height; and the bottom is the fiber insulation foam board, which can play the role of heat insulation and sound insulation. We can feel that the overall scene layout and the selection of props are all carefully selected and artificially made.
"Nelken " effect
Pina Bausch基金会发起的Nelken Line活动，受到了全球多个国家群众的参与。Nelken Line的舞蹈源于1982年皮娜的作品“ Nelken”，其中几个简单的手势串联成舞蹈，寓意着“春，夏，秋，冬”四个不同的季节。
The Nelken Line event launched by the Pina Bausch Foundation this year has attracted the participation of people from many countries around the world. The dance of Nelken Line originated from Pina's work "Nelken" in 1982, in which a few simple gestures are connected to form a dance, implying the four different seasons of "spring, summer, autumn and winter".
This activity has caused widespread dissemination in the global society, allowing dances to occur anywhere: such as living rooms, kitchens, gardens, offices, schools, parks, parking lots, forests, streets or beaches... through the extensive participation of the masses on the Internet and Through dissemination, we can see everyone’s different understandings of Nelken and present us with a more diversified new version, which is a tribute to the classics and an effective way to bring drama to life.
导演和编舞 / Direction and Choreography:
皮娜 鲍什 Pina Bausch
布景设计 / Set design
彼得·帕布斯特 Peter Pabst
戏服 / Costume
马里昂·奇托 Marion Cito
音乐 / Music
弗朗兹·莱哈 Franz Lehar
路易斯·阿姆斯特朗索菲·塔克 Sophie Tucker
露丝阿马兰特 Ruth Amarante
保罗·阿兰吉梅诺 Paul Alanjimeno
艾玛·巴罗曼 Emma Barrowman
首次展演 / First performance:
December 30, 1982 Wuppertal Opera House
演出时长 / Duration：
1h 50min, one intermission
About the Designer
莫方 Eating Lab+Gallery+Theater 主理人
(Interior Architecture) 研究生
Mofang Eating Lab Gallery Theater Principal
Graduate student of Interior Architecture,
Royal Academy of Arts in the Netherlands
Bachelor of Interior Design, Department of Environmental Art Design, School of Fine Arts, Tsinghua University